A vinyl cutter is a type of computer- controlled machine . Small vinyl cutters look like computer printers . The computer controls the movement of a sharp blade like a knife. This blade is used to cut out shapes and letters from thin sheets of self-adhesive plastic ( vinyl ).
A symbol / label can be produced using a Vinyl Cutter such as a ‘Sticker Machine’ or a ‘Craftrobo’. These machines are controlled by a computer and operate similar to a printer. Essentially they cut out shapes in vinyl adhesive. The vinyl can then be stuck on almost any surface. 
A vinyl cutter is a computer-controlled plotting device with a blade instead of a pen. A vector based design is a software program (usually an Adobe Illustrator or Corel Draw) and then it’s a cutter where it cuts along the lines of design. The cutter is capable of moving the blade on an X and Y axis over the material, cutting it into any shape imaginable. Since the vinyl material comes in long rolls, projects with significant length like banners or billboards can be easily cut as well. The one major limitation with vinyl cutters is that they can only cut out shapes from solid colors of vinyl. A design with multiple colors must have each color cut and then layered on top of each other. Also, since the shapes are cut out of solid colors,
Regardless of the limitations within the design process, the durability of solid, cut vinyl and its resistance to fading far outweigh many negatives in common applications. Also, in addition to the capabilities of the cutter itself, the vinyl adhesive in a wide range of colors and materials including silver foil, vinyl that simulates frosted glass, vinyl holographic, reflective vinyl, thermal transfer material, and even clear vinyl imbedded with real 24 carat gold leaf! (Often used in the lettering on fire trucks and rescue vehicles.)
How it works
As vinyl film is supplied by the manufacturer, it comes attached to a release liner.
Computer designed images are loaded onto the vinyl cutter via cords or over wifi depending on the model. Then the vinyl is loaded into the machine where it is automatically fed through and cut to the design.
The vinyl cutter uses a small knife to precisely cut the outline of figures in a sheet of gold, but not the release liner. The knife moves side by side and turns, while the vinyl is moved beneath the knife. The results of the cut process is an image cut into the material.
The material is then ‘weeded’ where the excess parts of the figures are removed from the release liner. It is possible to remove the positive parts, which would give a negative sticker, or a negative part, giving a positive sticker. Removing the figure would be like removing the positive, giving a negative image of the figures.
A sheet of transfer tape with an adhesive backing is ugly on the weeded vinyl. A roller is applied to the tape, causing it to adhere to the vinyl. The transfer of vinyl and the weeded vinyl is pulled off the release liner, and applied to a substrate, such as a sheet of aluminum. This results in an aluminum sign with vinyl figures.
The vinyl cutter is an entry level machine making signs.  It can make durable signs. Computer designed vector files with patterns and letters are directly cut through the vinyl cutter, through USB or serial cable. Vinyl cutters are mainly used to make signs , banners and advertisements. Advertisements seen on cars and vans are often made with vinyl cut letters. Vinyl cutters can also be used to cut out shapes from thin cardboard . While thesis vinyl cutting machines Were Ideally designed for cutting vinyl, They Can aussi cut through computer and specialty papers, as well as thicker items like thin sheets of magnet.
In addition to sign business, vinyl cutters are also commonly used for apparel decoration.  To decorate your, your vector design needs to be cut in mirror image, or reversed, weeded, and then heat applied to commercial heat pressfor professional results,  or a hand iron for home use.
Some businesses use their vinyl cutter to produce both signs and custom apparel. Many crafters have vinyl cutters and use them for their home businesses. These are well worth the investment because they will give the purchaser a high return rate in the long run; they can not buy and the vinyl can be bought in bulk relatively cheaply.
Determining what vinyl cutter to purchase? In this comparison, it is recommended to take a look at a comparison chart, understand the different types of cutters to determine which are the best vinyl cutting machines. requirements. 
- Jump up^ “Cutting Vinyl for begginers: 5 Steps” .
- Jump up^ “A Guide to the Vinyl Cutting Machines” .
- Jump up^ Yukish, Adam. “How to Create a Custom Business T-Shirt” . www.adamyukish.com .
- Jump up^ Yukish, Adam. “Heat Press vs. Hand Iron” . Retrieved 19 July 2016 .
- Jump up^ “The Ultimate Guide & the Best Vinyl Cutting Machine Reviews” . 2017-08-04 . Retrieved 2017-11-07 .