Flat panel display

Flat-panel displays are electronic viewing technology used to enable people to see happy (still pictures , moving pictures , text , or other visual material) in a ranks of entertainment , consumer electronics , personal computer , and mobile devices , And Many kinds of medical , transportation and industrial equipment . They are far and away from traditional cathode ray tube (CRT) television sets and video displays and are usually less than 10 centimeters (3.9 in) thick. Flat-panel displays can be divided into twodisplay device categories: volatile and static. Volatile displays require that pixels be periodically electronically refreshed to retain their state (eg, liquid-crystal displays (LCD)). A volatile display only shows an image when it has battery or AC power hands . Static flat-panel displays rely on materials whose color states are bistable (eg, e-book reader tablets from Sony ), and as such, flat-panel displays retain the text or images on the screen when the power is off. As of 2016, flat-panel displays have almost completely replaced old CRT displays. In many 2010-era applications, specifically small portable devices such aslaptops , mobile phones , smartphones , digital cameras , camcorders , point-and-shoot cameras , and pocket video cameras , any display disadvantages of flat-panels (as compared with CRTs) are made up for by portability advantages (thinness and lightweightness). Read More…

Game development kit

Game development kits ( GDK ) are specialized hardware used to create commercial videogames . They can be partnered with game development tools, special game engine licenses, and other middleware to aid video game development . Typically GDKs are not available to the public, and require game developers to enter an agreement, partnership, or program with the hardware manufacturer to gain access to the hardware. As game consolegenerations pass, development kits often get sold through eBay like websites without repercussions. This is often because the console manufacturers discontinue certain development programs as time passes. Read More…

X2 transceiver

The X2 transceiver is a 10 gigabit per second modular fiber optic interface designed for use in routers, [1] switches and optical transport platforms. It is an early generation 10 gigabit interface related to XENPAK and XPAK formats. [2]X2 can be used with 10 gigabit ethernet or OC-192 / STM-64 speed SDH / SONET equipment.

X2 modules are smaller and consume more power than first generation XFP modules, but larger and more energy efficient than the standard XFP transceiver and standard SFP +. Read More…

Vinyl cutter

vinyl cutter is a type of computer- controlled machine . Small vinyl cutters look like computer printers . The computer controls the movement of a sharp blade like a knife. This blade is used to cut out shapes and letters from thin sheets of self-adhesive plastic ( vinyl ).

A symbol / label can be produced using a Vinyl Cutter such as a ‘Sticker Machine’ or a ‘Craftrobo’. These machines are controlled by a computer and operate similar to a printer. Essentially they cut out shapes in vinyl adhesive. The vinyl can then be stuck on almost any surface. [1] Read More…

Power cycling

Power cycling is the act of turning a piece of equipment, usually a computer , off and then on again. Reasons for power cycling Having an electronic device include reinitialize ict set of configuration parameters or recover from an unresponsive state of ict mission critical functionality, Such As in a crash or hang situations. Power cycling can also be used to reset network activity inside a modem. It can also be among the first steps for troubleshooting an issue. Read More…

Mini STX

Mini-STX (aka Mini S ocket T echnology E X tender, Intel 5×5) is a motherboard form factor supports That upgradable processors. Size-wise, it’s in between Intel’s NUC (next unit of computing) motherboards and Mini-ITX boards that are popular in small form-factor builds. Read More…

Librem

Librem is a line of computers Manufactured by Purism, SPC featuring free (free) hardware and software. The laptop is designed to protect privacy and freedom by providing no-free (proprietary) software in the operating system or kernel, [1] [2] [3] [4] avoiding the Intel Active Management Technology , [5] and gradually freeing and securing firmware . [6] [7] Librem feature laptop hardware kill switches [8] [9] [10] for the microphone, webcam, Bluetooth, and Wi-Fi , and can be purchased this air gapped. Read More…

Hardware-based encryption

Hardware-based encryption is the use of computer hardware to assist software, or replace software, in the process of data encryption . Typically, this is implemented as part of the processor’s set statement. For example, the AES encryption algorithm (a modern cipher ) can be implemented using the AES instruction set on the ubiquitous x86 architecture . [1]Such instructions also exist on the ARM architecture . [2] However, more unusual systems exist where the cryptography module is separate from the central processor, instead being implemented as acoprocessor , in particular a secure cryptoprocessor , of which an example is the IBM 4758 , or its successor, the IBM 4764 . [3] Hardware implementations can be faster than traditional software implementations, and more can be protected against tampering. [4] However, hardware implementations can not be solved with software update , and any security vulnerability (such as Spectrum ) can not be solved with a software update. [5] Read More…

Trojan Hardware

Trojan Hardware ( HT ) is a malicious modification of the circuitry of an integrated circuit . A hardware Trojan is completely characterized by its physical representation and its behavior. The payload of an HT is the entire activity that the Trojan executes when it is triggered. In general, malicious Trojans try to bypass the security of a system. HTs also could disable, derange or destroy the entire chip or components of it. Read More…

Hardware security

Hardware security as a discipline originated out of cryptographic engineering and involves hardware design , access control , secure multi-party computation , secure key storage, assurance code authenticity, measures to ensure that the supply chain is secure. [1] [2] [3] [4]

A hardware security module (HSM) is a physical computing device that safeguards and manages digital keys for strong authentication and provides cryptoprocessing . These modules traditionally come in the form of a plug-in card or an external device that attaches directly to a computer or network server . Read More…

Hardware reset

hardware reset or hard reset of a computer system is a hardware operation that re-initializes the hardware components of the system, thus ending all current software operations in the system. This is Typically, but not always, Followed by booting of the system into firmware That re-initializes the rest of the system, and restarts the operating system .

Hardware resets are an essential portion of the power-on process , purpose May aussi be triggered without power cycling the system by Direct user response via a physical reset button , watchdog timers , or by software Intervention That, as icts last action Activates the hardware reset line. Read More…

Hardware compatibility list

hardware compatibility list ( HCL ) is a list of computer hardware (typically including many types of peripheral devices) that is compatible with a particular operating system or device management software. In today’s world, there is a vast amount of computer hardware in circulation, and many operating systems too. A hardware compatibility list is a database of hardware models and their compatibility with a certain operating system. Read More…

Hardware backdoor

Hardware backdoors are backdoors in hardware .

In most cases citation needed ] hardware backdoors involved code inside hardware – such may reside in the firmware of computer chips. [1] In other cases, the backdoors may be directly implemented Trojans in the integrated circuit . Read More…

GPU switching

GPU switching is a mechanism used on computers with multiple graphic controllers. This mechanism allows the user to maximize the performance of the battery or the battery life by switching between the graphic cards. It’s mostly used on gaming laptops which usually have an integrated graphic device and a discrete video card . Read More…

ASRock M8

The ASRock M8 is a Mini-ITX barebones computer kit that was created by ASRock in collaboration with BMW Designworks . [1] There are currently two variations of the M8. The first release (2013) is known to the M8 Series, while the updated (2015) version is known to the M8 Series (Z97). [2] Read More…

Computer hardware

Computer hardware are the physical parts or components of a computer, such as monitor , keyboard, computer data storage , graphic card , sound card and motherboard . [1] By contrast, software is instructions that can be stored and ran by hardware.

Hardware is directed by the software to execute any command or instruction . A combination of hardware and software forms a usable computing system. Read More…

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